Deshko N. A., Zemlyana S. V., Kaliberda N. V.

Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University


In the conditions of transition to the informative society the conflict between the constantly increasing amount of knowledge, generated by the society and intended for distribution in time and space, on the one hand, and by limited possibilities of Documentary Communications System, the foundation of which is based on the printed transmitters, on the other hand, becomes sharp. The necessity of solving the mentioned conflict requires radical activation of works on creation and implemen­tation of new computer technologiesin library activities’ practice

Leading direction of libraries’ modernization is its informatization. It leads to the creation of new business units, changes in functional responsibilities of employees, involvement of experts from various disciplines.

After examining the actuality of given problem, let’s consider some software systems that are created for automation of libraries, and the problems of their choice.

The software system "MARC". Scientific and Productive Association "InfoSystem" (Moscow, Russia), established in 1990, has developed a software of the family "Mark".

Local variant "Mark" is the ideal mean of automation for small and middle-sized libraries, which provides the main library processes: completimg, cataloguing, printing of output forms, bibliographic search. Second generation system – a network variant of "Mark" includes 6 automized workstations: "Completing", "Processing", "Subscription", "Search", "Storage", "Administrator", which work in a local network. It is the best mean for automating middle and large libraries. The system of new generation of "Mark-SQL" – a complexautomation of library processes. It allows you to create electronic catalogue, serve readers, keep statistics, perform orders of literature online. A variant "Mark-SQL Internet" is aseparate system, through which you access the database of libraries to search and review of documents via the Internet.

Software system ALEPH. The system was developed at the Jewish University (Jerusalem) by the group of programmers, analysts and librarians.

Program Aleph is an integrated, multilingual library program that has a very flexible adaptation machine to the necessity of a concrete library and provides complex automatization of all processes of library technology. Tools allow you to maintain grafic images and full texts of documents; MARC-compatible formats; ISO-standards, information-reaching languages of descriptor and classification types with available system of the links, authority files, bar codes, data transfer protocols for work in local, corporate and global networks; WWW-server.

Modules: administration, cataloging, book loan; inventory, registrations of periodicals; acquisiton; fines; batch jobs; Servers Web, OCLC, Z 39.50.

Software system LIBER MEDIA. Software system (SS) Liber is developed by French company Relais Informatique International. Liber is running by post-relational database management systems Pick.

SS Liber provides complex automation of the basic processes of library technology. Cataloguing with short, medium and full-screen forms that are created when you install Liber in a particular library, is possible. You can communicate with other systems in MARC-compatible formats.

Functions: cataloguing, completion, search for librarian, budget, printed forms, modem connection, barcodes.

Software system "Bіblіoteka / UFD". System, that provides automation of main fixed cycles if libraries, is created by the Ukrainian fund house. The main features includerecords exchange with other libraries in the format USMARC; providing protection of information by user registration on the server with the definition of his powers depending on the group, the distributing of electronic catalogues and thematic catalogues between "owners" – groups of people with the determination of rights for access of other users to thesecatalogues.

Functions: completing, cataloging, multidimensional search, delivery of documents; support of technologies of work with barcodes, access support to the electronic catalogue on the Internet.