Stasiuk M., Mudrenko A. A.

Oles Honchar Dnepropetrovsk National University


In today's competitive global environment, the competitive advantages of Russian industry have become possible thanks to the development of high-tech industries based on the use of nanomaterials and nanotechnology. Effective functioning of nanotechnology is impossible without the infrastructure availability. One of the priorities to the development and stimulation of nanotechnology is building nanotechnology infrastructure at the federal and regional levels. Under the Program "Development of nanoindustry infrastructure for 2012-2015" the objective to develop the infrastructure within the national nanotechnology network (NNN) at the federal level and regional nanotechnology network (RNN) at the regional level has been set.

Nanoindustry Infrastructure includes science-educational and research organization, logistics development, skills for scientific discovery and management of nanotechnology, manufacturing companies as a part of the venture capital companies, technology parks, business incubators.

National Nanotechnology Network is a multilevel, multi-dimensional structure, which consists of the separate subnets on the priority directions of nanoindustry development.

The structure of the RNN should include industrial and technological, financial, information, expert and consulting, and human infrastructure.

The specific problems faced by the region during the creation of region nanoindustry infrastructure are to be distinguished.

Industrial and technological infrastructure of RNN is necessary for enabling access of enterprises (mostly small) to production resources. Its elements are the centers of innovation development in the regions, the scientific and technological parks, centers of technology transfer, business incubators, engineering and innovation center, logistics centers, special economic zone of technology-innovative and industrial-production type.

The main problems of production and technological infrastructure of the nanotechnology network in most regions are:

1. The absence of several key elements of infrastructure;

2. Inappropriate use or misuse of existing elements;

3. The absence of a methodological framework for the establishment and further integrated development of production and technological infrastructure;

4. Insufficient funding.

Financial infrastructure is the most controversial and debated. Despite the availability of a wide range of financial instruments, the main source of funding for

Venture financing from the regional venture funds does not give the significant positive results. A possible reason is that the technology venture capital funding is not enough tested and therefore is not very effective. Large companies currently prefer to be engaged in the development of promising projects within the enterprise itself, instead of using ready-made developments create in the framework of projects with venture capital financing. The reason for such behavior most likely is a complex procedure "exit" from an investor of venture companies.

The analysis of the system infrastructure for nanotechnology in region suggests that, despite the presence of basic essential elements, there are several problems that hinder their further development and efficient operation. The independent operation of these elements can not be used as a basis for infrastructure provision of actively engaged in region to the creation, implementation and production development of nanotechnology, providing growth competitiveness and efficiency of goods and services. For their coordination within regional nanotechnology network requires approval of nanotechnology development strategy at the regional level, relevant programs of this strategy, to ensure their coordination with existing official document in regions, as well as the selection of the parent organization of region infrastructure nanotechnology.