Palyuh O., Khomenko O., Bondar O.

Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University


The problem of aggressiveness is currently very urgent but still it is hard to solve. According to certain data, the crime in Ukraine has increased by 31% since 2010. It is very important to find the factors that influence the development of aggression. In order to do this, first of all, it is necessary to determine the impact of emotions on a person.

The aim of this work is to study the aggressiveness of junior pupils and establishing the interdependence between the level of aggressiveness and style of education in the family.

The study involved 80 students of 4th grades of school № 131, Dnipro­petrovsk, including 40 girls and 40 boys, aged 10-11, and their mothers.

The participants were divided into groups according to parenting style with the help of "The questionnaire of parental attitudes by A.Ya.Varha, V.V.Stolin".

The methods of research included the technique of "Drawing imaginary animals», «Hand-test», an author questionnaire to determine the aggressiveness of the younger pupils, a test-questionnaire of parental attitude by Stolin.

The results were processed using nonparametric statistical methods.

It is found that among children of this age boys are more aggressive (by 28% compared with girls).

Children with high levels of aggression, regardless of gender, are dominated by such parenting styles in the family as "exclusion" (33% of boys and 33% girls) and "authoritarian hypersocialisation" (36% and 34% of boys and girls, respectively). Meanwhile, the children, boys as well as girls, with low aggressiveness are dominated by the style of education in the family as "Cooperation" (52% of boys and 47% – girls) and "Symbiosis" (the boys – 39% , girls – 22%).

Thus, the level of agressiveness of a student depends on the parental attitude to the child.

Taking into account these results, we can consult parents pointing to the inadequacy of the applied style of education and the consequences of the wrong attitude to the child, and carry out educational work with teachers to warn and prevent the development and manifestation of aggressiveness in students.