Суржик К. П., Потураєва Л. В., Ставицька А. В.

Дніпропетровський національний університет імені Олеся Гончара


In XXI century the world economic space is defined as an engagement area complicated economically developed countries. It is formed on four levels: global, macroregional, national and regional-intrastate.

Each 10 years at the summit level, strategies are adopted, which consist of economic cooperation vectors of the country. Thus, «Ukraine economic and social development strategy» (2004-2015) was adopted. Today, the issue about signing association with EU arrangement remains pending. Ukraine, as EU main partner, has close multifeature communications with the European community. Its program of neighborhood copartnership, which was adopted on the 1 of January in 2007, became a main source of finance for 27 EU countries-partners, including Ukraine. In December 2008 the European Union adopted East partnership, which will help to enhance Ukraine economy.

The scope of the European Union direct investment into Ukraine`s economy at 31 December, 2012 is $42,979 billion, runup for a year – $2,648 billion. The greatest investment arrived from Cyprus $17,275 billion (+$3,920 billion). But for Cyprus, the main countries-investors are Germany – $6,317 billion (-$1,075 billion), Netherlands – $5,169 billion (+$270,6 million), Austria – $3,401 billion (-$1,4 million), Great Britain – $2,557 billion (-$36,9 million) і France – $1,765 billion (-$495,1 million).The scope of investment into the island state has decreased by $531,6 million a year. The second and the third place are taken up by Latvia and Poland, in which economy Ukraine has forwarded $95,5 million (+$15,1 million) and $54,2 million (+$6 million). The main investment sectors are metallurgical and power-generating ones of Ukraine`s economy.

Providing development of multilateral relations with member countries of CIS is still of an immediate interest. Extending cooperation with Russian Federation is the main direction in international economic links. It is energy resources – oil and gas, that makes a heavy commodities and technologic dependence on Russia.

Ukraine expands cooperation geography with other member countries of CIS, such as: Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Caucasus countries (Azerbaidzhan, Georgia, Armenia).

Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan provide almost 94% of common countries GDP and 88% of their goods turnover. The highest rate of goods turnover is between Ukraine and Russia: 12 billion dollars in 2010, 17.6 billion dollars in 2012.

Advanced topics of socio-economic development of Ukrainian common economic space, territorial foundation of its productive forces are largely determined by ineffective regulating of market transformation processes region economic and social systems. Research of transformation processes evolution specific features and its local dynamics can be the base for founding conception of economic space market transformation, this space productive forces, will provide improving of manufacture territorial organization, founding a new innovation and investment model of national economic development and integration not only into European, but also into the world`s economic space.