Burimskiy D. Y., Kirakosyan A. A.

Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University


The beginning of the new millennium marked the proclamation of sustainable human development – a strategic objective for all countries. In 2000, during the World Summit Goals leaders from 189 countries, including the President of Ukraine signed the Millennium Declaration of the United Nations. On behalf of the people they have identified eight aims in development, which later became known as the Millennium Develop­ment Goals (MDGs). Countries committed to achieve the MDGs and agreed to make our world a better place for all humanity – by 2015.

The Summit decided that essential to international relations in the XXI century will have a number of fundamental values. In order to translate these shared values ​​into actions, identified those key objectives that were given particular importance:

Goal 1. Reduce poverty

Goal 2. Ensure quality lifelong education

Goal 3. Promote gender equality

Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

Goal 5. Improve maternal health

Goal 6. Reduce and slow down the spread of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis and initiate a trend to decrease their scales

Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

Goal 8: Develop global partnership for development.

In recent years, Belarus and Russia have achieved significant results in the activa­tion of its participation in international efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, the formation of its status as an active and responsible member of the international donor community, increasing its contribution to the fight against poverty, hunger, infec­tious diseases and solve other global problems.

Analysis of the Millennium Development Goals aimed at reducing the mortality of children under five and maternal mortality in relation to these countries suggests that measures aimed at improving the health of people of working age should be a major priority. Looking at the dynamics of indicators of living standards and socio-economic policy through the prism of progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goals suggests poverty reduction through economic growth effects. In the field of HIV / AIDS and other diseases of public health in Russia and Belarus must learn to provide medically necessary services for the complex categories of patients, whose number in the coming years will continue to increase. Formation of sustainable development of the whole socio-economic system of Russia and Belarus provides for increased environmental priorities in public policy. They must comply with the following important areas of change that directly or indirectly lead to the transition to "green" growth, reducing the load on the environment, improve the use of natural resources. They need to continue to work on developing the national system of promoting international development, raise the expertise in this field, improvement of national legislation that defines and regulates the basic mechanisms of assistance.

Today, the question rationale for the choice of ways of socio-political and economic development of Ukraine is extremely important. In planning and implementing economic and social reforms necessary to provide and assess their impact on living standards and consequences for future generations. Updating the MDG targets must inspire purposeful improvement of regulatory mechanisms that emerged during the transformation of Ukraine, while ensuring human rights and respect for economic, political and civil liberties.