Kulikova I. D., Sumatokhina I. N., Tsvetayeva O. V.
Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University
MODERN STATE AND DEVELOPMENT OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE CITIES OF DNIPROPETROVSK REGION
The essence of unemployment is that a state of the labor market in a situation where the supply of labor exceeds demand. Unemployment is a temporary unemployment situation of the working population.
Currently, unemployment is a major social and economic problem, as it not only affects all sectors of the economy, slowing growth opportunities, but also is a powerful and traumatic stressors that often leads people to emotional instability and depression.
The aim of this work is to study the dynamics and trends of changes in unemployment cities of Dnipropetrovsk region.
It was found that unemployment is an important social phenomenon, which level depends on many factors: demographic, techno-economic and economic.
The general trend for ten years, both in the city and the region in general, aimed at reducing of unemployment, and, in spite of the increase of this indicator in 2008–2009, as a result of the global economic crisis, the unemployment rate in 2011 was significantly lower than at the beginning of 2000th. On average, the figure dropped 2 times. Dnipropetrovsk region has some of the best indicators of unemployment (6.8 %) compared with other regions of Ukraine as well as the average national value (8.5 %). On the basis of scoring it is determined that the largest cities (Dnepropetrovsk, Krivoy Rog) are characterized by lower unemployment rates than smaller cities and towns. It is connected with the differences in the development of industry and business data localities. In addition, the special place position monofunctional cities (Yellow Waters, Ternivka, Pershotravnevsk), which the unemployment rate depends on the levelof economic development and functioning of core enterprises.
A short-term forecast future trends of unemployment states: improvements on market of work will reduce the unemployment rate averaged 0.8 % per year, base case assumes a gradual increase of the unemployment situation, the deterioration mean, that annual increase of unemployment on the level 2–3 %.
Prospects for the issue of unemployment lies in the fact that unemployment as a social phenomenon changes rapidly in the context of socio- economic performance of the region as well as the state as a whole.