Kobeza P. A., Pakhomov O. E., Osadcha O. V.
Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsck National University
THE ROLE OF WILD BOAR IN THE ECOSYSTEM OF UKRAINE
All studies in ecology and zoology today aim to analyze the role of a single species in the environment. Our research is devoted to the functional role of wild boar in the ecosystems of Ukraine and, in particular, the role of wild boar in the propagation of entomopathogenic nematodes in different ecosystems.
The problem we study includes the analysis of the life and behavioral processes of the wild boar and the conditions of its habitat. At present we are doing research of blood taken from wild boar as an indicator of the physiological state of the animal in the ecosystem. While analyzing the physiology and behavior of wild boar, we use the methods of blood cells clinical analysis and blood plasma biochemical analysis. We try to show the general characteristics of the blood parameters of wild boar during his life in different types of ecosystems. Establishing the relationship between the blood parameters of animals and their habitats plays an important role in this work.
While studying the blood parameters, it is necessary to determine the general characteristics of blood cells and their biochemical analysis. The total number and ratio of red blood cells help to identify the structural abnormalities in the physiology of the boar. The analysis of the biochemical indicators reveals specific mechanisms of metabolic exchange.
The thorough analysis of the scientific literature on this problem, which describes the mechanisms of physiology of boar and its ecological features was made. During the experiment, we established the general characteristics of blood parameters of wild boar. Knowing the parameters of the animal gave us the opportunity to assess its clinical condition. The blood ratings depend on the overall physiological state of animals. A healthy animal will strongly influence the processes of environmental change.
Relevance of the work is to establish the relationship between the indicators of physiological and morphological analyses of wild boar blood on the territory of different ecosystems ofUkraine. The results of this work allow us to establish common indicators of blood boar population in the region. The purpose of this work is to analyze the general parameters of the biochemical analysis of blood and blood plasma. Blood analysis allowed us to estimate and to establish quantitative and qualitative indicators of the ratio of total.
The wild boar, a wild animal that is often found on the territory of Ukraine, has a very strong potential for the formation of environmental conditions. The analysis of the blood parameters of wild boar in the Ukrainian steppe ecosystems will help scientists assess the level of the general state of the population. The population long-term monitoring and observing make it possible to identify the hidden pathological processes and take measures to eliminate them.